Endocrine System Mnemonics

DKA: Causes
Mnemonic: DKA:

Dehydrated
Ketoacidosis
Acetone breath By Chris B.

 

 

Diabetic ketoacidosis: I vs. II 

Mnemonic: ketONE bodies are seen in type ONE diabetes.

 DKA: Precipitating Factors 

Mnemonic: _ 5 I’s:

Infection

Ischemia (cardiac, mesenteric)

Infarction

Ignorance (poor control)

Intoxication (alcohol)

By James Thomas

 

INSULIN: Function 

Mnemonic: INsulIN stimulates 2 things to go IN 2 cells: i.e. Potassium and Glucose.

  

SIADH (Syndrome of Inappropriate Diuretic Hormone): causes
Mnemonic: SIADH:

Surgery

Intracranial: infection, head injury, CVA

Alveolar: Ca, pus

Drugs: opiates,antiepileptics, cytotoxics, anti-psychotics

Hormonal: hypothyroid, low corticosteroid level

By Steve Gust Gove District Hospital, NT, Australia

 

 SIADH (Syndrome of Inappropriate Diuretic Hormone): Diagnostic

Mnemonic: Syndrome of INAPPropriate Anti-Diuretic Hormone:

Increased

Na (sodium)

PP (urine)

_ SIADH is characterized by increased urinary sodium.

By Rinku Uberoi New York Hospital

 

Pheochromocytoma: common symptoms 

Mnemonic: 5 P’s:

Paroxysmal rise in BP

Palpitations

Perspiration

Pain in abdomen

PMV in urine

By Malik Tariq Rahim King Edward Medical College, Pakistan

 

 Thyrotoxicosis syndrome: signs and symptoms 

Mnemonic: A Penny For Every Symptom That Hyperthyroidism Will Make Grossly Evident”:

Anxiety

Palpitations/ Pulse rapid

Fatigability

Emotional lability

Sweating

Tremor

Heat intolerance

Weight loss with good appetite

Muscular weakness/ Menstrual changes

Goitre

Eye changes

By Daniel Clarke University of Queensland

 

HISTAMINE: Features
Mnemonic: HISTAMINE:

HCL production

Inflammation

Strong vasodilator

Therapeutic vaue none

Allergy

Mast cells

Neurotransmitter/ Narrow airways

IgE

By Dr. Atif Farooq Rawalpindi Medical College, Pakistan, Gujranwala

 

Pituitary hormones
Mnemonic: FLAGTOP
:

Follicle stimulating hormone

Lutinizing hormone

Adrenocorticotropin hormone

Growth hormone

Thyroid stimulating hormone

Oxytocin

Prolactin

Alternatively: GOAT FLAP with the second ‘A’ for Anti-diruetic homone/vasopressin

_ Note: there is also melanocyte secreting homone and Lipotropin, but they are not well understood.

 

Pituitary: anterior hypophysis hormones 

Mnemonic: FLAT PiG:

FSH

LH

ACTH

TSH

Prolactin

ignore GH

Knowledge Level 1, System: Endocrine

Fropvd 

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